Kaunas City is the fourth largest town in the Baltics with population of 289 364 people in 2020. The number of citizens in Kaunas region is 385 787. Kaunas is located in the central part of Lithuania at the confluence of the two largest Lithuanian rivers – the Nemunas and the Neris, therefore the City has excellent opportunities for the development of water transport. Kaunas is located only 100 kilometres from the capital Vilnius and 212 kilometres from the Country’s major seaport Klaipeda. The city is also located at the crossroads of the country’s two major motorways: the A1 motorway Vilnius – Kaunas – Klaipeda is a connection between the capital city Vilnius and the ice-free Klaipeda Seaport. The Via Baltica (road E67) leading from Estonia via Latvia to Poland is integrated into the Trans-European motorway system, serving as a connection between Nordic countries and Central and Western Europe.
Kaunas Airport is located in the central part of the country. Last year Kaunas Airport was visited by 1 160 591 passengers approximately in 2019. The Airport provides direct flights to 24 destinations. The main destinations include cities of the United Kingdom, Ireland and Norway, also Denmark and the Netherlands. In the summer season you can also fly to Sicily, Spain, Greek islands, Cyprus. A modern airport is assigned to the group of the smallest airports. Because of this, you can avoid stress and don’t have to wait in a long queue. If necessary, a polite staff is always ready to help you. You can reach airport both by car or by public transport. Kaunas Airport can be reached by buses from different cities of Lithuania and neighbour countries.
Fastest growing airport in the Baltic States
Second largest airport in Lithuania
Carried 1 160 591 passengers and 3196 tons of cargo in 2019
Roads, Rail and Sea Links
Kaunas is located on the crossroads of two major international transport corridors. One of them, Vilnius – Kaunas – Klaipeda highway connects Kaunas with Lithuania’s main seaport and the capital Vilnius. The other, Via Baltica, extends all the way from Warsaw to Helsinki, passing through the two other Baltic States capitals, Riga and Tallinn. Kaunas enjoys perfect international transport solutions offered by the fast growing Kaunas International Airport and perfect geographic location, which is considered to be in the middle of Lithuania.
The Kaunas railway infrastructure has the sole operating railway tunnel in Lithuania, built in 1862 and renovated in 2009. It is maintained 692,4 km of main track, including 21,9 km of European 1435 mm track standard gauge. The major part of tracks is in the main IX transport corridor in the directions Vilnius – Klaipeda and Kaisiadorys – Kybartai, which are among the most intensive ones according to the load volumes transported via the whole Lithuanian railways. In the recent years a significant progress has been observed in the development of the modern company and paying special attention to the renovation of the railway infrastructure and development by making it technically modern and safe. Currently, the Trans-European railway project “Rail Baltica” works starting from the border with Poland and approaching towards Kaunas are gaining momentum, the implementation which is an important step not only in the strategy of Lithuanian railways but also in that of all the Baltic Sea region countries.
Kaunas is located about 200 km away from Klaipeda Sea Port, one of the few ice-free ports in northernmost Europe. It is the most important and the biggest Lithuanian transport hub, connecting sea, land and railway routes from East to West. Klaipeda is a multipurpose, universal, deep-water port, providing high-quality services complying with the requirements of the European Union.
Crossroad of Vilnius - Kaunas - Klaipėda highway
692,4 km of main railroad track including 21,9 km of European 1435mm standard gauge
Kaunas is 200 km from Klaipėda Sea Port
The international competitiveness of Kaunas in the transport and logistics sector is to a large extent determined by its geographical position. Kaunas offers perfect logistics access by road, rail and air. It is situated at the geographical centre of Lithuania and on the crossroads of modalities. Kaunas is one of the most important transport centres in the European Union, linking the EU with the East. Kaunas offers more than 1,14 million square metres of modern manufacturing and warehousing premises. Kaunas Free Economic Zone (FEZ) is a good location to set up logistics facilities. It provides lower costs and offers a total of 294 hectares for logistics and manufacturing.
Kaunas free economic zone
Kaunas has Free Economic Zone (FEZ), which provide exceptional conditions for business development. It offers ready to build industrial sites with physical and/or legal infrastructure, support services, and tax incentives. The Kaunas Free Economic Zone is a 534 hectare industrial development area which offers favorable and smaller taxes for the investors that invest at least 1 million euros. Area of Kaunas FEZ has three parts: Production and Logistics Area, Business Street and Airpark. 27 Lithuanian and foreign companies with over 1 896 employees are located in this area at the moment.
534 hectare industrial development area
70 Lithuanian and foreign companies
5500 new jobs in this area
Labour costs in Kaunas Region are approximately 25-40% lower than in Poland and Slovakia and less than a half compared to Western European countries and the USA. Standard income tax rate is one of the lowest in Europe at 15%. If established in a Free Economic Zone (FEZ), property and dividend tax is at 0% and income tax is at 0% for the first 6 years and 7,5% for the following 10 years.
Advantages for a business that is located in the free economic zone
income tax (first 6 years)
reduction (subsequent 10 years)
tax on dividends
Kaunas public logistics centre and International terminal
Kaunas Public Logistics Centre is constructed in Palemonas, near the main Lithuanian highway Vilnius – Kaunas – Klaipėda where the logistics companies are being incorporated and Kaunas free economic zone is located nearby. It is seeking to integrate all transport sectors in order to increase opportunities to ensure cargo mobility, more efficient use of vehicles and to improve the quality of logistics and related services.
Kaunas Intermodal Terminal was established to ensure the intermodality of the Kaunas Public Logistics Centre. This project also works to achieve one of the most important goals of the EU and Lithuania: to reduce roadway usage and transfer a large part of the burden of cargo transportation to railways. The essence of intermodal transportation is to combine at least two types of transportation for that purpose: railways, inland waterways, sea, air and roadways. Kaunas intermodal terminal is the final European (1,435 mm width) railway track point. It is equipped with both 1,520 mm gauge and 1,435 mm gauge tracks in readiness for the Rail Baltica standard-gauge link to Europe. The cargos transported from the Southern and Western Europe and related in the terminal move further towards North and East.
S.Darius and S.Girėnas airfield
S. Darius and S. Girėnas Airport (ICAO: EYKS), also known as Aleksotas Airport or S. Darius and S. Girėnas Airfield, is a 2 B, a business class airport located in Aleksotas district, only 3 kilometres away from the Kaunas city centre. During the year of 2017, the airfield was reconstructed and now 1,130 meters length and 50 meters width runway is available for usage. In the airfield, aircrafts from 1 to 20 people are available for landing.
The most modern parcel centre in Kaunas
As a result of permanent growth DPD expanded activities and the newest and most modern, not only in Lithuania, but also in all Baltic States, DPD parcels sorting terminal in Kaunas, Kaunas Free Economic Zone was opened 2015 In October. The terminal has the most modern and the only automated sorting conveyor in the Baltic States. Conveyor sorting capabilities seeks for about 50 thousand daily parcels.